The importance of exercise for general heath and weight loss cannot
be over stated. Getting an adequate amount of aerobic and anaerobic
exercise each day is the single best thing you can do to live
longer, live healthier, and look attractive. While it is possible to
lose some weight without increasing your daily exercise it is not
best to do it. Physical activity helps you control your weight by
burning excess calories that would otherwise be stored as fat.
Exercise also helps to improve your overall health and prevent many
Your weight is determined by the number of calories you eat each day minus
what your body uses. Everything you eat contains calories, and everything you do
uses calories, including sleeping, breathing, and digesting food. Any physical
activity in addition to what you normally do will burn those extra calories.
Regular exercise can help prevent:
- Heart disease and stroke. Daily physical activity can help
prevent heart disease and stroke by strengthening your heart muscle,
lowering your blood pressure, raising your HDL ("good" cholesterol), and
lowering LDL cholesterol ("bad" cholesterol), improving blood flow, and
increasing your heart's working capacity.
- High blood pressure. Regular exercise reduces blood pressure in
people with high blood pressure (hypertension).
- Diabetes. By reducing body fat, physical activity can help to
prevent and control type 2 diabetes.
- Back pain. By increasing muscle strength and endurance and
improving flexibility and posture, regular exercise can prevent back pain.
- Osteoporosis. Regular weight-bearing exercise promotes bone
formation and may prevent many forms of bone loss associated with aging.
Regular physical activity can also improve mood and the way you
feel about yourself. Exercise is likely to reduce depression and anxiety and
help you to better manage stress.
Anaerobic - Aerobic Exercise
Anaerobic exercise is basically the opposite of aerobic exercise. Anaerobic
means "without oxygen," while "aerobic" means "with oxygen." The main difference
between aerobic and anaerobic exercise is the duration and intensity level of
the activities. Both types of exercise are essential for losing weight, however,
so you should try to incorporate both into your physical fitness routine.
Aerobic exercise relies on an increased supply of oxygen through your
cardiopulmonary system. Walking, jogging, jumping rope, swimming, running,
bicycling, hiking and dancing are all good aerobic exercise.
Unlike aerobic exercise, anaerobic exercise relies on your muscles' strength
instead of oxygen flow through your bloodstream. Anaerobic exercise involves
high-impact physical activities that demand short spurts of muscle strength.
Sprinting and weightlifting are good examples of anaerobic exercise.